Dentures: Types, Considerations, Maintenance

Dr Advocate Avatar IconUpdated: September 1, 2022
By: Dr. Advocate

The word “dentures” may remind you of something your grandpa used, and used to take out, but dentures provide an important role for people with missing teeth. And with the advances in composites and oral technology, these aren’t your grandpa’s dentures anymore. Dentures are prosthetics that replace missing maxillary or mandibular dentition.

They’re fabricated out of different materials, however the most common material is acrylic. Similar to partial dentures, multiple impressions are required to fabricate proper form and fit of the prosthetic. The position of the teeth are essential for replicating the patient's speech.

Maxillary dentures rely on suction for stability, which is often predictable. Mandibular dentures rely on ridge height, gravity and undercuts within the inside of the jaw. Mandibular dentures are unpredictable and challenging for most patients. Oftentimes the lower jaw has resorbed, leaving little bone left for the denture to hold on to. Also, the patient's tongue muscles readily lift the denture, when speaking and chewing. Fortunately, there are alternative denture prosthetics that should correct this problem.

Recommended Reading: Top 5 Brushing Habits to Break in 2022


Different types of dentures

Conventional dentures are cost-effective and essential for patients that desire replacing missing teeth. The most common complaint we hear regarding conventional dentures is that they shift or fall out, when speaking and chewing. Luckily, there are other options such as implant supported dentures or permanent All-On-Four dentures. Let's take a closer look at the four different types of denture prosthesis.

Related: Learn more about Dental Implants

Conventional dentures

Pros

  • “Gold standard”
  • Most cost effective
  • Removes easily for cleaning
  • Upper denture is stable with suction

Cons

  • Lower denture fits poorly
  • Multiple impressions required
  • Moves around when speaking and chewing
  • Requires patient to be edentulous, or without teeth, during fabrication process

Immediate dentures

Pros

  • Patient receives denture the day of extractions
  • Only 1 or 2 impressions needed
  • Minimizes swelling and inflammation after surgery

Cons

  • May need another denture after 1-2 years
  • Not the most accurate fitting denture
  • Technique sensitive
  • Unable to verify fit and feel until delivery day

Implant supported dentures

Pros

  • Very retentive
  • Snaps onto implants for stability
  • Best option when considering cost and fit

Cons

  • Expensive
  • Requires Immediate denture until implants have healed
  • Surgery is needed for implant placement
  • Long process overall

All-on-four denture

Pros

  • Fit and form is most similar to natural dentition
  • Permanent solution
  • No shifting or movement when speaking or chewing

Cons

  • Very expensive
  • Requires extensive surgery
  • Care and maintenance can be challenging

Considerations

Denture care and maintenance |Two dentures and dental instruments } My Dental Advocate

The most common denture is the conventional denture. The fabrication and impression process requires the patient to be edentuolous, or without teeth, for an extended period of time. Unless the patient has an existing denture, eating without teeth for 4-6 weeks will be challenging.

If multiple extractions are needed prior to denture fabrication, an immediate denture may be an ideal solution. Impressions are taken when the natural teeth are still present and the lab will fabricate the denture based on where the bone level will be. Although the denture will be delivered the day of the extractions, sometimes it’s not the most accurate fitting denture and a reline or new denture will be needed.

Implant supported dentures are a good value alternative. As we discussed before regarding the lower denture, it’s difficult to stabilize. Immediate dentures allow the upper and lower denture to snap onto implants for exceptional stability and fit. The implant healing process takes at least four months, so the patient will need an immediate denture or be edentuolous until the implants are ready to be loaded.

The All-On-Four denture is the “Cadillac” of denture prosthetics. An oral surgeon or periodontist will work with the general dentist and lab technician to fabricate a denture that is secured to the implants the day of the surgery. The implants will still require adequate healing, however they’re strategically placed to allow minimal forces, so the patient can function until the healing process is complete. This is a permanent option and is great for patients that want maximum function and stability. The denture that’s placed the day of the surgery is considered the temporary denture and after the implants have healed, the final denture will be secured.


Denture care and maintenance

  1. Place a towel on your countertop or fill your sink with water to prevent your denture from being damaged if you drop it.
  2. Remove denture and rinse with cold water as hot water may warp your denture.
  3. Brush your denture with a denture cleaner or non-abrasive toothpaste to remove food deposits, plaque or denture adhesive.
  4. Rinse your denture in warm water before re-inserting, or if you’re done for the night, place it in a container filled with water or denture solution.

Avoid using whitening toothpaste or household cleaners to clean your denture as they may stain or damage it. Also, daily cleaning will prevent stains and odors from forming. The gum tissue can become irritated or infected if the denture is not removed when you’re sleeping.

Related: Best MDA Recommended Products


Final thoughts


Dentures have been around for many years and offer a predictable way for replacing teeth. There are many different types of dentures and it’s important to understand which option is best for you. Have you recently been diagnosed with needing a denture? Are you aware of the different options available to you? My Dental Advocate’s team of board certified dentists can provide a second opinion on your planned treatment. We look forward to bringing you peace of mind by verifying your treatment plan, suggesting an alternative or just answering your questions.


Dr Advocate Avatar IconAbout the Author

Dr. Advocate is an actual board-certified dentist with clinical practice experience and a mission to provide accurate dental patient education. He believes everyone should access easy-to-read dental resources presented in layman’s terms with relevant, up-to-date dental research and insight to improve their oral health.




What are dentures | Smiling grandfather being kissed by granddaughters

Dentures:
Types, Considerations, Maintenance

Dr Advocate Avatar IconUpdated: September 1, 2022
By: Dr. Advocate

The word “dentures” may remind you of something your grandpa used, and used to take out, but dentures provide an important role for people with missing teeth. And with the advances in composites and oral technology, these aren’t your grandpa’s dentures anymore. Dentures are prosthetics that replace missing maxillary or mandibular dentition.

They’re fabricated out of different materials, however the most common material is acrylic. Similar to partial dentures, multiple impressions are required to fabricate proper form and fit of the prosthetic. The position of the teeth are essential for replicating the patient's speech.

Maxillary dentures rely on suction for stability, which is often predictable. Mandibular dentures rely on ridge height, gravity and undercuts within the inside of the jaw. Mandibular dentures are unpredictable and challenging for most patients. Oftentimes the lower jaw has resorbed, leaving little bone left for the denture to hold on to. Also, the patient's tongue muscles readily lift the denture, when speaking and chewing. Fortunately, there are alternative denture prosthetics that should correct this problem.

Recommended Reading:
Top 5 Brushing Habits to Break in 2022


Different types of dentures

Conventional dentures are cost-effective and essential for patients that desire replacing missing teeth. The most common complaint we hear regarding conventional dentures is that they shift or fall out, when speaking and chewing. Luckily, there are other options such as implant supported dentures or permanent All-On-Four dentures. Let's take a closer look at the four different types of denture prosthesis.

Related: Learn more about Dental Implants

Conventional dentures

Pros

  • “Gold standard”
  • Most cost effective
  • Removes easily for cleaning
  • Upper denture is stable with suction

Cons

  • Lower denture fits poorly
  • Multiple impressions required
  • Moves around when speaking and chewing
  • Requires patient to be edentulous, or without teeth, during fabrication process

Immediate dentures

Pros

  • Patient receives denture the day of extractions
  • Only 1 or 2 impressions needed
  • Minimizes swelling and inflammation after surgery

Cons

  • May need another denture after 1-2 years
  • Not the most accurate fitting denture
  • Technique sensitive
  • Unable to verify fit and feel until delivery day

Implant supported dentures

Pros

  • Very retentive
  • Snaps onto implants for stability
  • Best option when considering cost and fit

Cons

  • Expensive
  • Requires Immediate denture until implants have healed
  • Surgery is needed for implant placement
  • Long process overall

All-on-four denture

Pros

  • Fit and form is most similar to natural dentition
  • Permanent solution
  • No shifting or movement when speaking or chewing

Cons

  • Very expensive
  • Requires extensive surgery
  • Care and maintenance can be challenging

Considerations

Denture care and maintenance |Two dentures and dental instruments } My Dental Advocate

The most common denture is the conventional denture. The fabrication and impression process requires the patient to be edentuolous, or without teeth, for an extended period of time. Unless the patient has an existing denture, eating without teeth for 4-6 weeks will be challenging.

If multiple extractions are needed prior to denture fabrication, an immediate denture may be an ideal solution. Impressions are taken when the natural teeth are still present and the lab will fabricate the denture based on where the bone level will be. Although the denture will be delivered the day of the extractions, sometimes it’s not the most accurate fitting denture and a reline or new denture will be needed.

Implant supported dentures are a good value alternative. As we discussed before regarding the lower denture, it’s difficult to stabilize. Immediate dentures allow the upper and lower denture to snap onto implants for exceptional stability and fit. The implant healing process takes at least four months, so the patient will need an immediate denture or be edentuolous until the implants are ready to be loaded.

The All-On-Four denture is the “Cadillac” of denture prosthetics. An oral surgeon or periodontist will work with the general dentist and lab technician to fabricate a denture that is secured to the implants the day of the surgery. The implants will still require adequate healing, however they’re strategically placed to allow minimal forces, so the patient can function until the healing process is complete.

This is a permanent option and is great for patients that want maximum function and stability. The denture that’s placed the day of the surgery is considered the temporary denture and after the implants have healed, the final denture will be secured.


Denture care and maintenance


  1. Place a towel on your countertop or fill your sink with water to prevent your denture from being damaged if you drop it.
  2. Remove denture and rinse with cold water as hot water may warp your denture.
  3. Brush your denture with a denture cleaner or non-abrasive toothpaste to remove food deposits, plaque or denture adhesive.
  4. Rinse your denture in warm water before re-inserting, or if you’re done for the night, place it in a container filled with water or denture solution.

Avoid using whitening toothpaste or household cleaners to clean your denture as they may stain or damage it. Also, daily cleaning will prevent stains and odors from forming. The gum tissue can become irritated or infected if the denture is not removed when you’re sleeping.

Related: Best MDA Recommended Products


Frequently asked questions (FAQ)


loader-image

There are many factors that correlate with fit and stability including ridge height, ridge width, depth of palate, tongue muscle attachments, undercuts, adaptability and diet. It’s not uncommon for some patients to have minimal trouble with a new denture whereas a friend wants to throw theirs across the room. It takes many months to become comfortable speaking and chewing.

Patients always want to know if they can bite an apple, bite into corn or chew steak. Because the denture relies on a suction seal, biting into hard foods is often impossible. Eating steak is possible, however rather than chewing on one side of your mouth, it’s recommended to chew on both sides of your mouth simultaneously.

Speaking sounds are challenging to replicate to natural dentition. The position of your upper and lower incisors restrict airflow when certain words are spoken. During the denture fabrication process the space may be altered and different than before, causing a whistle sound to occur. Over time your tongue position will adapt and the whistle should subside.


Final thoughts

Dentures have been around for many years and offer a predictable way for replacing teeth. There are many different types of dentures and it’s important to understand which option is best for you. Have you recently been diagnosed with needing a denture? Are you aware of the different options available to you? My Dental Advocate’s team of board certified dentists can provide a second opinion on your planned treatment. We look forward to bringing you peace of mind by verifying your treatment plan, suggesting an alternative or just answering your questions.


Dr Advocate Avatar Icon
About the Author

Dr. Advocate is an actual board-certified dentist with clinical practice experience and a mission to provide accurate dental patient education. He believes everyone should access easy-to-read dental resources presented in layman’s terms with relevant, up-to-date dental research and insight to improve their oral health.



More Prosthetics Topics


Implants

• Oral Appliances

Partials


Take control of your dental wellness!



Take control
of your dental wellness!